Judo & Jujitsu History

Ju-jitsu is the ancient Japanese combat system devised by the Samurai of Japan. It is widely believed that most schools (or Ryu) opened during the Edo period (1607 – 1867)

There were many different Ryu each specialising in a different system each using a different weapon. Only later did the unarmed systems develop, the grappling methods evolved as most samurai wore armour into battle (the heavy armour became lighter over time) but it was still difficult to penetrate with kicks and punches, so techniques evolved to bring an opponent to the ground thereby rendering him (or her) more vulnerable.

In the early 1800’s during the Tokugawa Shogunate (The period of the Tokugawa Emperor) there was a long period of relative peace and these Ryu flourished. Many of the teachers of these Ryu would roam; visiting rival schools issuing challenges to other teachers to prove whose system was better.

The Aizu Samurai, who served the Tokugawa Shogun (Emperor) led by Saigo Tanomo clashed with rival clans and were defeated. Many of the defeated Samurai committed suicide in disgrace. Saigo Tanomo survived and returned to the Aizu prefecture and became a teacher of Kenjutsu (sword fighting).

Jigaro Kano. The founder of judo.

Jigaro Kano was born in Hyogo prefecture October 28 1860. The only son in a family of 6 children. Kano started out learning Ju-jitsu, reading secret techniques from Hontai and Seiko, which showed the fundamentals of throwing.

In parallel he studied the Tenshin Shin’Yo ryu which taught grappling techniques. In 1882 he retired to Eishoji temple on Tokyo, where he rented a small room to develop his new system of JUDO.

Jigaro Kano, Founder of the Kodokan, and developer of modern judo.

Jigaro Kano believed that judo was, and should be, practiced as more that just a sport. The principles he laid down in those early days still permeate all judo clubs and associations. Kano believed that the teaching of morality, knowledge and physical training are the cornerstones of a stable the strong life.

Many students of the Kodokan Judo system visited, and later became instructors all over the world, in 1940 judo became an official discipline in the 12th Olympic games (which were sadly cancelled due to the war).

On the 4th of May 1940 Jigaro Kano died at the age of 79, his legacy has resonated down through many generations of martial artists of many styles and Ryu. It is in no small part due to Jigaro Kano and his students that Ju-Jitsu exists today.

In the early part of the 20th century Ju-Jitsu was fading as a practiced art, after demonstrations across the world (one in front of General Grant former American President), where judo and Ju-jitsu practitioners would easily defeat numerous challenges. Interest in this method of fighting espoused by men in white pyjamas rose dramatically. Most of the modern military unarmed combat systems are based on (or have uncanny echoes of) Ju-Jitsu.

Ju-Jitsu has also evolved over the intervening decades and spreads all over the world. From southern America where Royce Gracie and the phenomenal rise of Brazilian Ju-Jitsu which has taken the sport grappling world by storm, to the other extreme as in Skegness where the more traditional system is still taught.

Ju-jitsu is an ever evolving art with contributions coming from many unexpected sources, allowing it to grow with the world where many old traditions such as honesty and honour seem to be in short supply, or at the very least unfashionable. Practising the arts of Judo or Ju-Jitsu (not to forget the other martial arts; Karate, Aikido, Kenjutsu, Iaido, Iaijutsu etc. etc.) teaches us much about ourselves, from whom we are to who we can be.

Judo can be trained at any age (if you can walk and hold something), most of the premier Judo-ka (student of judo) including many champions started at a very early age, it is from small clubs such as Skegness Judokwai that the worlds best emerge. Ju-Jitsu usually starts a little later as the methods used can be more easily misused so a more mature mind is a greater advantage (not to say that judo cannot also be extremely effective!)

There can only be benefits gained from starting the martial arts, be it for fitness and confidence, through to competition. Age and condition should be no barrier to your dreams.






JUNIOR GRADING SYLLABUS 8+ YEARS

WHITE BELT 6TH KYU

Technique

Description

UKEMI

Break Falling

TAI-OTOSHI

Body Drop

HON-KESA-GATAME

Scarf Hold

Terminology


HAJIME

Start / Begin



ICHI / 1 YELLOW STRIPE

Technique

Description

O-GOSHI

Major Hip Throw

HON-KAMI-SHIHO-GATAME

Upper Four Quarters Hold

Terminology


MATTE

Stop

DOJO

Training Hall

NI / 2 YELLOW STRIPES

Technique

Description

O-SOTO-GARI

Major Outer Reaping

HON-YOKO-SHIHO-GATAME

Side Four Quarters Holding

Terminology


OSAEKOMI

Holding

JUDOGI

Judo Suit

TAKAKYOSHI-NO-KAMAE

High Kneeling Posture

SAN / 3 YELLOW STRIPES

Technique

Description

IPPON-SEOI-NAGE

One Arm Shoulder Throw

KATA-GATAME

Shoulder Holding

Terminology


TOKETA

Hold Broken

JUDOKA

Judo Student

REI

Bow


YELLOW BELT 5TH KYU

Technique

Description

SASAE-TSURI-KOMI-ASHI

Propping Drawing Ankle Throw

HON-TATE-SHIHO-GATAME

Lengthways Holding

Terminology


SONO-MAMA

Freeze (do not move)

TATAMI

Judo Mat

ICHI / 1 ORANGE STRIPES

Technique

Description

MOROTE-SEOI-NAGE

Two Arm Shoulder Throw

KUZURE-KESA-GATAME

Broken Scarf Hold

Terminology


YOSHI

Continue

SENSEI

Teacher

NI / 2 ORANGE STRIPES

Technique

Description

DE-ASHI-BARAI

Advancing Foot Sweep

GYAKU / USHIRO – KESA- GATAME

Reverse Scarf Hold

Terminology


HIKIWAKE

Drawn Contest

HIZA

Knee

SAN / 3 ORANGE STRIPES

Technique

Description

KO-UCHI-GARI

Minor Inner Reaping

KUZURE-YOKO-SHIHO-GATAME

Broken Side Four Quarters Holding

Terminology


HANTEI

Request for Judges Decision

USHIRO

Rear

4TH KYU / ORANGE BELT

Technique

Description

O-UCHI-GARI

Major Inner Reaping

KAZURE-TATE-SHIHO-GATAME

Broken Lengthways Hold

Terminology


SORE-MADE

That is All / The End

ICHI / 1 GREEN STRIPE

Technique

Description

HARAI-GOSHI

Sweeping Loin

KUZURE-KAMI-SHIHO-GATAME

Broken Upper four Quarters Hold

Terminology


IPPON

Full Points – 10 pts

NI / 2 GREEN STRIPES

Technique

Description

KOSHI-GARUMA

Hip Wheel

UKI-GOSHI

Floating Hip

NEWAZA

Arm Roll

Terminology


WAZARI

Almost Ippon – 7pts

SAN / 3 GREEN STRIPES

Technique

Description

TOMOE-NAGE

Stomach Throw

KO-SOTO-GARI

Minor Outer Reaping

Terminology


WAZARI-AWASETTE-IPPON

2 Wazari makes Ippon

3rd KYU / GREEN BELT

Technique

Description

UCHI-MATA

Inner Thigh

NEWAZA

Turn Over Between Legs

Terminology


YUKO

Almost Wazari – 5 pts

AITE

Partner / Opponent

ICHI / 1 BLUE STRIPE

Technique

Description

O-SOTO-GAESHI

Major Outer Reversal

NEWAZA

Double Arm Roll

Terminology


MIGI

Right

HIDARI

Left


NI / 2 BLUE STRIPES

Technique

Description

OKURI-ASHI-BARAI

Assisting Foot Sweep

NEWAZA

Turn Over Man On all Fours (2)

Terminology


HANSOKU-MAKE

Disqualified

ERI

Collar

SAN / 3 BLUE STRIPES

Technique

Description

TSURI-KOMI-GOSHI

Lifting Pull Hip Throw

UDE-HISHIGI-JUJI-GATAME

Cross Arm Lock

Terminology


SHIDO 1

Free Warning

SHIDO 2

5pts Penalty

SHIDO 3

7pts Penalty

2ND KYU / BLUE BELT

Technique

Description

SUMI-GAESHIO

Corner Reversal

NIGEWAZA (from KESA GATAME)

Escape (from Scarf Hold)

Terminology


ATEMI-WAZA

Striking Technique

RANDORI

Free Practice

ICHI / 1 BROWN STRIPE

Technique

Description

SEOI-OTOSHI

Shoulder Drop

UDE-GARAME

Arm Entanglement

Terminology


YOKO

Side

MAE

Front / Forward

NI / 2 BROWN STRIPES

Technique

Description

TANI-OTOSHI

Valley Drop

WAKI-GATAME

Armpit Lock

Terminology


YUSEI-GACHI

Win by Superiority

TE-WAZA

Hand Technique

SAN / 3 BROWN STRIPES

Technique

Description

UKI-OTOSHI

Floating Drop

NAMI-JUJI-JIMI

Normal Cross Strangle

Terminology


TOKUI-WAZA

One’s Favourite Technique

1ST KYU / BROWN BELT

Technique

Description

O-GURUMA

Major Outer Wheel

NIGEWAZA (from YOKO-SHIO-GATAME)

Escape From Side Four Quarters Hold

Terminology


SHIME-WAZA

Strangling and Choking Techniques

KUMI-KATA

Methods of Holding or Gripping

ICHI / 1 BLACK STRIPE

Technique

Description

ASHI-GURUMA

Leg Wheel

MUNE-GATAME

Chest Holding

NE-WAZA

Turn Over Man On all Fours (4)

Terminology


TORI

Taker

UKE

Receiver

NI / 2 BLACK STRIPES

Technique

Description

HANE-GOSHI

Spring Hip

KATA-JUJI-JIME

Half Cross Strangle

Terminology


KANSETSU-WAZA

Joint Technique

SHIAI

Contest

SAN / 3 BLACK STRIPES

Technique

Description

UKI-WAZA

Floating Throw

OKURI-ERI-JIME

Sliding Collar Strangle

Terminology


SODE

Sleeve

OBI

Belt

Extra Techniques for Green belt and above:

HARAI-GOSHI

TAI-OTOSHI

O-UCHI-GARI

MOROTE-SEOI-NAGE

HIZA-GURUMA

KO-UCHI-GARI

FIRST 3 OF NAGE-NO-KATA

UKI-OTOSHI

KATA-GURUMA

KESA-GETAME

SEOI-OTOSHI

DE-ASHI-BARAI

IPPON-SEOI-NAGE

MIGIAND HIDARISEOI-NAGE

UDE-GARAMI

KESA-GARAMI





SENIOR GRADING SYLLABUS 16+ YRS

6TH KYU WHITE BELT

Technique

Description

UKEMI

Break-Falling

KUZUSHI-KATA

Breaking Balance

O-GOSHI

Major Hip Throw

O-SOTO-GARI

Major Outer Reaping

TAI-OTOSHI

Body Drop

IPPON-SEOI-NAGE

One Arm Shoulder Throw

DE-ASHI-BARAI

Advancing Foot Sweep

HON-KESA-GATAME

Scarf Hold

Terminology


DOJO

Training Hall

JUDOGI

Judo Suit

TATAMI

Judo Mat

REI

Bow

IPPON

Full Point -10pts

HAJIME

Start

TAKAKYOSHI-NO-KAMAE

High Kneeling Posture

5th KYU YELLOW BELT

Technique

Description

KUZUSHI-KATA

Breaking  Balance

O-UCHI-GARI

Major Inner Reaping

HARAI-GOSHI

Sweeping Loin

MOROTE-SEOI-NAGE

Two Arm Shoulder Throw

KO-UCHI-GARI

Minor Inner Reaping

KATA-GATAME

Shoulder Holding

HON-YOKO-SHIHO-GATAME

Side Four Quarters Hold

HON-KAMI-SHIHO-GATAME

Upper Four Quarters Hold

Terminology


SONO-MAMA

Freeze (Do Not Move)

YOSHI

Continue

OSAEKOMI

Holding

TOKETA

Hold Broken

TORI

Taker

UKE

Receiver


4TH KYU ORANGE BELT

Technique

Description

KUZUSHI-KATA (6)

Breaking Balance

HANE-GOSHI

Spring Hip

HIZA-GURUMA

Knee Wheel

SASAE-TSURI-KOMI-ASHI

Propping Drawing Ankle Throw

UKI-GOSHI

Floating Hip

KAZURE-YOKO-SHIHO-GATAME

Broken Side Four Quarters Hold

HON-TATE-SHIHO-GATAME

Lengthways Hold

NAME-JUJI-JIME

Normal Cross Strangle

GYAKU-JUJI-JIME

Reverse Cross Strangle

KATA-JUJI-JIME

Half Cross Strangle

Terminology


MATTE

Stop

SORE-MADE

That Is All / The End

WAZARI

Almost Ippon 7pts


3RD KYU GREEN BELT

Technique

Description

NAGE-NO-KATA

Formal Throws

KUZUSHI-KATA

Breaking Balance

TSURI-KOMI-GOSHI

Lifting Pull Hip Throw

SEOI-OTOSHI

Shoulder Drop

UCH-MATA

Inner Thigh

O-SOTO-GAKE

Major Outer Hook

SUMI-GAESHI

Corner Reversal

OKURI-ERI-JIMI

Sliding Collar Strangle

HADAKE-JIME

Naked Strangle

KUZURE-TATE-SHIHO-GATAME

Broken Lengthways Hold

KUZURE-KESA-GATAME

Broken Scarf Hold

UDE-GARAMI

Arm Entanglement

USHIRO / GYAKU-KESA-GATAME

Rear Scarf Hold

UDE-GATAME

Arm Crush

UDE-HISHIGI-JUJI-GATAME

Cross Arm Lock

Terminology


SHIDO 1

Free Warning

SHIDO 2

5pts Penalty

SHIDO 3

7pts Penalty

YUKO

5pts Score

NEWAZA

Groundwork

TACHIWAZA

Standing Technique


2ND KYU BLUE BELT

Technique

Description

NAGE-NO-KATA (1st 2 SETS)

Formal Throws

KATAME-NO-KATA (1st SET)

Formal Groundwork

TOMOE-NAGE

Stomach Throw

OKURI-ASHI-BARAI

Sliding Foot Sweep

SOTO-MAKIKOMI

Outer Winding Throw

KOSHI-GURUMA

Hip Whirl

UKI-OTOSHI

Floating Drop

TANI-OTOSHI

Valley Drop

MUNE-GATAME

Chest Holding

WAKI-GATAMI

Armpit Lock

URA-KESA-GATAME

Rear Scarf Hold

KATA-HA-JIME

Single Wing Strangle

USHIRO-HADAKA-JIME

Rear Naked Strangle



Terminology


HANSOKU-MAKE

Disqualified

HIKI-WAKE

Drawn Contest

YUSEI-GACHI

Win by Superiority

SHIME-WAZA

Strangulation Techniques

KANSETSU-WAZA

Locking of Joints

1st KYU BROWN BELT

Technique

Description

NAGE-NO-KATA (1st 3 SETS)

Formal Throws

KATAME-NO-KATA ( 1st 2 SETS)

Formal Groundwork

ASHI-GURUMA

Leg Wheel

UKI-WAZA

Floating Throw

HARAI-TSURI-KOMI-ASHI

Reaping Drawing Leg Sweep

MAKURA-KESA-GATAME

Pillowed Scarf Hold

ASHI-GATAME

Leg Arm Lock

HIZA-GATAME

Knee Arm Lock

SODE-GURUMA-JIME

Sleeve Wheel Strangle

TSUKI-KOMI-JIME

Thrusting Strangle



Terminology


WAZARI-AWASETTE-IPPON

2 Wazari makes Ippon

HANTEI

Request For Judges Decision

SENSEI

Teacher

SUTEMI-WAZA

Sacrifice Technique






JUVENILE GRADING SYLLABUS 5-8 YEARS

WHITE STRIPES

Technique

Description

OBI TYING

Belt Tying

UKEMI

Break-Falling

RITSUREI

Standing Bow

Terminology


MATTE

Stop

SENSEI

Teacher

YELLOW STRIPES

Technique

Description

HON- KESA GATAME

Scarf Hold

O-GOSHI

Major Hip Throw

ZAREI

Kneeling Bow

UKEMI

Break-Falling

Terminology


HAJIME

Start

TAKAKYOSHI-NO-KAMAE

High Kneeling Posture

ORANGE STRIPES

Technique

Description

TAI-OTOSHI

Body Drop

HON-YOKO-SHIHO-GATAME

Side Four Quarters Hold

UKEMI (HIDARI and MIGI)

Break Falling (Left and Right)

Terminology


REI

Bow

MIGI

Right

GREEN STRIPES

Technique

Description

IPPON-SEOI-NAGE

One Arm Shoulder Throw

HON-KAMI-SHIHO-GATAME

Upper Four Quarters Holding

O-SOTO-GARI

Major Outer Reaping

UKEMI (USHIRO)

Rear Break Falling

Terminology


JUDOKA

Judo Student

OSAEKOMI

Holding


BLUE STRIPES

Technique

Description

MOROTE-SEOI-NAGE

Two Arm Shoulder Throw

HON-TATE-SHIHO-GATAME

Lengthways Holding

UKEMI (YOKO)

Side Break Fall

Terminology


JUDOGI

Judo Suit

TATAMI

Judo Mat

TOKETA

Hold Broken

BROWN STRIPES

Technique

Description

O-UCHI-GARI

Major Inner Reaping

HON-KATA-GATAME

Shoulder Holding

ALL UKEMI

All Break Falls

Terminology


YOSHI

Continue

HIZA

Knee

HIDARI

Left

SONO-MAMA

Freeze (do not move)

SORE-MADE

End of Contest / That is All



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